Puppy training in 8 Easy Lessons
1. Learning his name
never scream your puppy’s name – he has a very acute sense of hearing and shouting will just stress him. instead say his name slowly and clearly to catch his attention and associate his name with each command.
• The first thing a puppy need to learn is his name and the shorter it is the easier if for the puppy to remember
• Call your puppy by his name right from the outset.
• Before you call his name, do something nice with him so that he is encouraged to do what you ask
• When he comes to his name, give him lots of love and petting.
• If he doesn’t come straight away. don’t tell hie off
• He’ll be even slower next time !
2. Walking on The Lead
Never, ever hit your puppy with the lead : It should be a symbol of “walkies” and therefore synonymous with joy, not punishment
• Just as with house-trainnig, do better if they start to learn about waling on the lead very early on.First of all, get your puppy used to wearing a collar, and then put the lead on hit at home, just for a short time a couple of times a day-
• The next step is teaching him to walk on the lead out-doors, first, side, whichever suits you best, but always stick to the same side, then give the command to “come” and start walking.
• Keep the lead loose and move forward at your own pace : the puppy walks near you, his head level with you knees and the leash remains loose.
• When you stop, tell him to sit and reward him with petting.
• if the puppy pulls, say “No” while giving a sharp pull on the lead at the same time.
Make sure your commands are consistent : what you say “No” to one day must not be allowed the next, either by you or anyone else in the family.
From the very beginning, you need to make sure your puppy understands the word “no”
• “No” needs to be associated with anything forbid den, whatever it is.
• “No” must be totally categorical, and be said very clearly whenever you see you dog do something he shouldn’t
• The tone of your voice should be sharp enough to make the puppy the stop as soon as you sa “No”
4. Calling your puppy
If your puppy does not respond to here, walk away in the opposite direction or hide : he wil be very worried about finding himself on his own and will come back to you very quickly !
• More than just a command, calling you puppy to you is an invitation to him to come back to you for petting or a reward – and of course, knowing that he will come when you call has important social an safety implications .
• Start by associating calling you puppy with mealtimes.
• Ask one of the family to keep the puppy away while you’re preparing his meal, and then call the puppy by his name and say “here”
• Gradually through lots of praise and petting, the puppy will learn that when he hears the command “here” he has to come straight back to you.
• Do lots of practice of the “here” command indoors, before moving on to an outdoors training session, during which it is a good idea to have the puppy on a very long lead or tether.
if our puppy has an accident indoors in you absence, don’t tell him off ! Scolding is only effective if you actually catch your puppy red-handed.
Usually a puppy arriving in his new home is not house- trained, although he will not mess in his sleeping area, it will be your job to teach him this very important skill.
• Take your puppy out frequently, ideally every two hours throughout the day. If you take him out less often, he will become house – trained more slowly,
• Make sure you take him out straight after every meal, on waking up and after playtime.
• Give him lots of praise – verbal and petting – when he performs outdoors.
• If you notice him going round in circles indoors, wait until he starts doing his business and then pick him up with a firm “No” and take him outside. When he has finished outside, give him lots of praise and petting.
• Finally, don’t forget that wherever you are – city, country or seaside-you must pick up after your dog !
6. Meal Times
Titbits or table scraps will upset the nutritional balance provided by the whole food you’re giving your puppy. Given too often or regularly the are also bad for his health, encouraging weight gain as well as teaching the dog to be while the family is eating.
• Teaching your puppy to behave at mealtimes right from the beginning makes sure that he will continue to behave well.
• Growing puppies need to eat more often – so, until six months of age food him 3 times a day, then move to 2 meals a day.
• Always feed him at the same time, from the same bowl, and in the same place, which must be as far away as possible from his sleeping area, always make sure he has a clean bowl full of fresh water.
• Feed the puppy after the rest of the family this helps him understand who is “boss” because it mimics pack behavior.
7 Home Alone
As much as you can, try and avoid leaving your puppy alone before the age of 4 or 5 months; otherwise you run the risk of creating a real anxiety crisis for the young dog.
• Being left at home alone will be a fact of life for your puppy, either occasionally or regularly, Either way, he needs to be prepared for it.
• Use the times when he is tried to get him used to being alone.
• At the beginning, leave the room for just a few minutes. if the puppy cries, come back to him, tell him to be quiet an go out again, When you come back, praise him if he has kept calm.
• Gradually, you can extend the length of time you are out so that the dog accepts your absence as quite nor-mat and doesn’t expect either elaborate farewell rituals or exuberant reunions.
8. Basic Obedience Training.
These three commands are learnt in orders, so you need to make sure that the first one is totally understood before moving on to the next, Your puppy should also be on the lead while you are teaching these commands.
Sit : while giving the command “Sit” push down on the puppy’s haunches with on hand, while keeping his head up with the other. As soon as he is sitting, give him lots or praise, using his name, with patting and stroking too.
Lie Down : start by asking your puppy to sit, then crouch down next to him, Pull his front paws forward gently while saying “Tie Down” and once he is typing down again give him lots of praise and love.
Stay : First get your puppy to “Sit” and then add “stay” to command. Move a little way away from him, and if he gets up or follows you, say “No” and return him to th sitting position, repeating “Sit – Stay” As he gets more used to this command, you can move further and further away from the puppy, although he should be on a leash or tether throughout this learning phase.